Free State NBG: Traditional Huts
Traditional Basotho huts have thatched roofs, which have a cooling effect on the house. The grass used in the construction of the Basotho hut is a species of Hyparrhenia and is indigenous to the Free State.
A mixture of dung and mud is applied in a thick layer to the walls of the hut. It is a robust medium which insulates very effectively against cold and heat.
The walls are strengthened inside by gum tree poles. The rim of the hut is a useful place to put items such as pots. It also provides an excellent shaded seat - try sitting on it when you leave the hut.
The fireplace (o leifo in Sotho) is often used for burning medicine that needs to be inhaled.
Inside the Basotho hut there is a display table of dry medicinal plants and other items used in Basotho culture.
The distinctive sloping walls of the Hartebeeshuis are made from reeds. These are covered with a layer of mud and dung mixed together. This medium is very strong and weather-proof.
The name Hartebeeshuis probably comes from the Afrikaans term for the hard reeds used for the hut walls - harde biesies. An alternative explanation for the name Hartebeeshuis is that from a distance, these structures look like hartebeest - a type of antelope common in this region during Voortrekker (Afrikaans settler) times.
The house is also thatched with a species of Hyparrhenia. These houses were popular during the 1830s, when Voortrekkers moved up from the Cape and settled in the Free State.
An engraved plaque in honour of former Curator of the Free State NBG the late Amadeus Oupa Mogale, set on the wall of the Haartebeeshuis, also forms part of this section of the garden, along with a bench and its bin donated to the Garden by his family.