The Community Adaptation Small Grants Facility
The project “Taking adaptation to the ground: A Small Grants Facility for enabling local level responses to climate change in South Africa” (US$2 442 682) aims to develop and implement a small grant finance mechanism in the context of climate finance, to deliver direct and tangible adaptation benefits with a view to scaling up and replicating this model. This project is led by SouthSouthNorth and is being implemented in the Namakwa and Mopani Districts in Northern Cape and Limpopo Provinces respectively. The project was initiated in 2015 and will end in December 2021.
Twelve Small Grant Recipient projects were approved and completed, building adaptive capacity and delivering a range of tangible local benefits for 1,921 direct and 9,006 indirect beneficiaries.
The project also provided deep insight into the Enhanced Direct Access modality, including its benefits and challenges. This experience is detailed in nine Case Studies.
Drawing directly on the experience of institutional role-players and especially the Small Grant Recipients themselves, these case studies aim to document the project processes, capture the outcomes and gather lessons learned towards the future scaling up and replication of small grant financing approaches, in South Africa and beyond.
- Case Study 1: A New Approach to Enabling Local Responses to Climate Change: Learning from the Community Adaptation Small Grants Facility project
- Case Study 2: Adaptive Management: Enhancing Direct Access to climate finance
- Case Study 3: An Emerging Framework for Capacity Building: Reflection and response as part of Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation
- Case Study 4: Good Governance: Oversight and compliance support mechanisms within the context of Enhanced Direct Access and Climate Change Adaptation
- Case Study 5: Participatory Project Development for Small Grants: Lessons from the Small Grants Facility project funded by the Adaptation Fund
- Case Study 6: A Tale of Two Districts: Regional influences on the implementation of Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation
- Case Study 7: Facilitating Agency Experiences: The important role of Facilitating Agencies in the implementation of the Small Grants Facility project in two Districts in South Africa
- Case Study 8: Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation: What does success look like?
- Case Study 9: Cascading Compliance: Lessons on achieving compliance within the Adaptation Fund’s Environmental and Social Policy requirements
Small Grants Facility project: An overview
- Community Adaptation Small Grants Facility project: An Overview (English version)
- Community Adaptation Small Grants Facility project: An Overview (Sepedi version)
- Community Adaptation Small Grants Facility project: An Overview (Xitsonga version)
These case studies, together with extensive consultations with other grant makers, intermediaries, academic institutions, the private sector, project partners and project beneficiaries, informed SANBI’s Blueprint for Enhanced Direct Access in South Africa.
The ‘Blueprint’ proposes the establishment of a ‘Locally Led Adaptation Grant Facility’ that supports interventions that respond directly to the needs of vulnerable communities, and delivers tangible adaptation outcomes for those who are most impacted by climate change. The Grant Facility will enable the simultaneous management and governance of multiple investments, with anticipated efficiencies and economies of scale. It will do so through the creation of differentiated modalities, which respond to the nuanced nature of local vulnerabilities, and enable a range of adaptation responses, at different scales and with diverse objectives.
The modalities will be delivered through the existing systems of established grant makers in South Africa, capitalising on their strengths and complementing existing investments while integrating climate change responses into their programmes of work. A downstream goal of the Grant Facility will be to find ways for other co-financiers to support the Facility and its functions. This includes aggregating international and domestic financial resources in a single investment, and making the case for increased public sector expenditure and alignment with municipal budgeting processes.
A Policy Brief entitled Improving Enhanced Direct Access to Climate Finance captures the high level insights and recommendations that emanated from the project. Amongst others, these recommendations promote the integration of indigenous knowledge and gender mainstreaming in project development, empowerment of sub-national government, sufficiently resourcing capacity building and ensuring that there is flexibility around grant sizes and risk management mechanisms.
Background to the project
When bad floods, droughts or heat waves hit a community, it is usually the poor who suffer most, and struggle to bounce back afterwards. They need help to cope with these extreme weather events, particularly as climate change makes them occur more often, and more severely.
Responding to extreme weather events could mean applying climate-smart farming practices. Or it could mean putting storm water systems into informal settlements to drain away flood waters quickly. Or it could be an early warning system which tells people that a nearby river is about to burst its banks.
Work like this needs funding. Many poorer communities struggle to get this funding though, because they often can’t get past the red tape that is needed to manage this sort of development money.
The Community Adaptation Small Grants Facility (SGF) project is a way to assist communities to access this kind of funding. The SGF project will be implemented in two pilot project areas, namely in Mopani District in Limpopo Province, and Namakwa District in the Northern Cape. These areas are expected to become hotter, rainfall will be less predictable, and there may be heavier storm events. This will impact on people’s health and well-being, as these changes undermine agriculture, local livelihoods and the built environment.
The SGF project will release small grants so that communities can run projects that will deliver tangible and sustainable benefits. As projects unfold, communities will be encouraged to share the lessons they learn, so that their projects and the way the SGF project finances them, can be rolled out on a larger scale around the country.
The Community Adaptation SGF project model will allow vulnerable communities to get direct access to funding, which is something civil society has been requesting for a long time. Doing so is a way to empower a community, because it allows people to decide for themselves how to use the money, and it will build up skills within the community so they will be better able to run their own adaptation-related projects at a local level.
The SGF project has a value of about R27 m (US$2.5 m).
Climate science behind the Community Adaptation Small Grants Facility
The work of the NIE is informed by climate change projections that are derived from climate science studies.
These include the studies that were undertaken as part of the Long Term Adaptation Scenarios process and downscaled projections for the Mopani and Namakwa District municipalities that were developed by the African Climate and Development Initiative.